st jerome facts

He attended the exegetical lectures of Apollinaris of Laodicea and visited the Nazarenes (Jewish Christians) of Beroea to examine their copy of a Hebrew gospel purporting to be the original Gospel of Matthew.

Basil, the great orthodox bishop of Caesarea and one of the three Cappadocian Fathers—the others being St. Gregory of Nazianzus and St. Gregory of Nyssa. Here Jerome lived, except for brief journeys, until his death. He went to Rome on a pilgrimage and remained there for two ... continue reading. Decades later, Jerome would minimize the importance of the dream and disown the commentary; but at the time, and for years afterward, he would not read the classics for pleasure. The son of a well-off Christian couple, he began his education at home, then continued it in Rome, where his parents sent him when he was about 12 years old. Due to his illness, he had a vision which saw him leave his study and become devoted to God. She authored the forward for "The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Crusades. He also wrote tracts defending the idea of Mary as a perpetual virgin and opposing the idea that marriage was just as virtuous as virginity. [51], It was Jerome's strict asceticism that made Martin Luther judge him so severely. Federal Tax Identification Number: 81-0596847.

If you donate just $5.00, the price of your coffee, Catholic Online School could keep thriving. Prior to Jerome's Vulgate, all Latin translations of the Old Testament were based on the Septuagint, not the Hebrew.

Catholic Online is a Project of Your Catholic Voice Foundation, a Not-for-Profit Corporation. His main shrine is in Rome, Italy, in the Basilica of Saint Mary Major. Against the traditional view at the time, he maintained that the Hebrew, not the Septuagint, was the inspired text of the Old Testament. So Jerome was a “saint” in that sense, but he is not exalted to a higher spiritual plane as the Catholic and Orthodox Churches imply.) He is buried at St. Mary Major in Rome.

Jerome was born at Stridon, a village near Emona on the border of Dalmatia and Pannonia. Jerome only agreed on the conditions that he be allowed to continue his monastic interests and that he would never be forced to take on priestly duties. Two letters to Pope Damasus (15 and 16) complain of the conduct of both parties at Antioch, the Meletians and Paulinians, who had tried to draw him into their controversy over the application of the terms ousia and hypostasis to the Trinity. This focus stemmed from his close patron relationships with several prominent female ascetics who were members of affluent senatorial families.[7]. St Jerome Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Early Years and Education. He began in 382 by correcting the existing Latin-language version of the New Testament, commonly referred to as the Vetus Latina. Soon after, he wrote his first critical interpretive work: a commentary on the Book of Obadiah. Jerome was born of well-to-do Christian parents at Stridon, probably near the modern Ljubljana, Slovenia. He traveled to Gaul with his friend, Bonosus, and he began his theological studies. For other uses, see, 4th and 5th-century Catholic priest, theologian, and saint, Megan Hale Williams, The Monk and the Book: Jerome and the Making of Christian Scholarship, (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2006), In the Eastern Orthodox Church he is known as, "(...) die griechische Bibelübersetzung, die einem innerjüdischen Bedürfnis entsprang (...) [von den] Rabbinen zuerst gerühmt (...) Später jedoch, als manche ungenaue Übertragung des hebräischen Textes in der Septuaginta und Übersetzungsfehler die Grundlage für hellenistische Irrlehren abgaben, lehte man die Septuaginta ab."

There he learned Latin and at least some Greek,[11] though he probably did not yet acquire the familiarity with Greek literature that he later claimed to have acquired as a schoolboy.[12].

He lived for a time as a hermit, became a priest, served as secretary to Pope Damasus I, and about 389 established a monastery at Bethlehem. Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers. Over a period of fifteen years at the request of Pope Damasus, he made a translation from the Hebrew into Latin that eventually superseded the preceding Latin translations and became known as the Vulgate.

Addal cured Abgar and converted the king and his people to the faith. In that dream, in which he was dragged before a tribunal of the Lord, he was accused of being a Ciceronian—a follower of the 1st-century-bce Roman philosopher Marcus Tullius Cicero—rather than a Christian, and he was severely lashed; he vowed never again to read or possess pagan literature. During Jerome's life, cardinals did not exist. [48], He acquired a knowledge of Hebrew by studying with a Jew who converted to Christianity.

[citation needed]., - Biography of Jerome (Eusebius Hieronymus Sophronius). The later resurgence of Hebrew studies within Christianity owes much to him. In the 16th century Saint Jerome in his study by Pieter Coecke van Aelst and workshop, the saint is depicted with a skull. Although initially skeptical of Christianity, he eventually converted. Jerome translated the Old Testament from the original Hebrew text, which was a massive undertaking.

On reaching Antioch in 374, fatigued by travel and by inner conflict, he rested as a guest of the priest Evagrius of Antioch and there may have composed his earliest known work, De septies percussa (“Concerning Seven Beatings”). "[40] To Jerome, the power restraining this mystery of iniquity was the Roman Empire, but as it fell this restraining force was removed. From the late Middle Ages, depictions of Jerome in a wider setting became popular. His numerous biblical, ascetical, monastic, and theological works profoundly influenced the early Middle Ages. Omissions? He is also considered a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church. H… At the Catechetical School of Alexandria, Jerome listened to the catechist Didymus the Blind expounding the prophet Hosea and telling his reminiscences of Anthony the Great, who had died 30 years before. Jerome died on 30th September 420, near Bethlehem.

Hi readers, it seems you use Catholic Online a lot; that's great! Modern scholarship, however, has sometimes cast doubts on the actual quality of Jerome's Hebrew knowledge. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U.S. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2020 Catholic Online. But finding that his eyes were growing dim, and that his whole body was shrivelled with an eruption and a sort of stony roughness (impetigine et pumicea quad scabredine) he added oil to his former food, and up to the sixty-third year of his life followed this temperate course, tasting neither fruit nor pulse, nor anything whatsoever besides. [8] His feast day is 30 September. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Here Jerome would live out the rest of his life, only leaving the monastery on short journeys. They then visited Egypt. The protégé of Pope Damasus I, who died in December of 384, Jerome was known for his teachings on Christian moral life, especially to those living in large popular centers such as Rome. In 373, Jerome undertook a long journey through Asia Minor, Thrace, and Syria. Nevertheless, his writings show outstanding scholarship and his correspondence is historically of great importance. ", ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience.

If you donate just $5.00, the price of your coffee, Catholic Online School could keep thriving. As a prominent member of the Roman clergy, he has often been portrayed anachronistically in the garb of a cardinal. His letters were widely read and distributed throughout the Christian empire and it is clear through his writing that he knew these virgin women were not his only audience.

von Walter Homolka, Walter Jacob, Tovia Ben Chorin: Die Lehren des Judentums nach den Quellen; München, Knesebeck, 1999, Bd.3, S. 43ff, Michael Graves, Jerome's Hebrew Philology: A Study Based on his Commentary on Jeremiah, Brill, 2007: 196–198. [25] However, detailed studies have shown that to a considerable degree Jerome was a competent Hebraist.[26]. It became his opus and took him many years to complete. for the commonweal!—even Pannonians.[41]. Childhood and Education . Due to the time he spent in Rome among wealthy families belonging to the Roman upper-class, Jerome was frequently commissioned by women who had taken a vow of virginity to write to them in guidance of how to live their life. [57] Writing materials and the trumpet of final judgment are also part of his iconography. [52][53][54] Hagiographies of Jerome talk of his having spent many years in the Syrian desert, and artists often depict him in a "wilderness", which for West European painters can take the form of a wood.[55]. He returned to Antioch, where Evagrius once again served as his host and introduced him to important Church leaders, including Bishop Paulinus. Meanwhile, the controversy with John II of Jerusalem and Rufinus concerning the orthodoxy of Origen occurred. Yes, Antichrist is near whom the Lord Jesus Christ "shall consume with the spirit of his mouth."

345-420) was an early Christian biblical scholar. [citation needed], Jerome was a scholar at a time when that statement implied a fluency in Greek.

Jerome warned that those substituting false interpretations for the actual meaning of Scripture belonged to the "synagogue of the Antichrist".


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