daman state
Research Associate, Center for South Asia Studies, University of California, Berkeley. With milder mornings and lower humidity especially up to the middle of March, this is by far the most comfortable time of the year. Less than one-tenth of the territory’s population consists of Scheduled Tribes (indigenous minority peoples who are not embraced by India’s caste hierarchy). The administrative districts of Daman and Diu together constitute a centrally governed union territory. [5] Daman has a sex ratio of 533 females for every 1,000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 88.06%.[5]. [9], City in Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, India, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://www.nrigujarati.co.in/tourism/174/Religious-Places/jain-temple-daman.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Daman,_India&oldid=979735473, Cities and towns in Daman district, India, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles with style issues from March 2017, Articles needing additional references from July 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This article was most recently revised and updated by. In Diu the Portuguese constructed a Jesuit college, which was converted into the majestic Cathedral of Sé Matriz about the turn of the 17th century; the cathedral remains a landmark today. The town was sacked and burned by the Portuguese in 1531. The town of Daman, which has a fort, is the centre of the territory’s business activities. The monsoon season, though relatively short, is extremely wet. In the 13th century Daman formed part of the Ramnagar state, which then became a tributary of the Gujarat sultans. The town, together with numerous villages in the surrounding area, forms an enclave in southeastern Gujarat state and is situated on the Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay) of the Arabian Sea. [5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 69.256%. This air station provides ATC and parking facilities to defence as well as civ… Both Daman and Diu were subject to the governor-general of Goa as part of the Portuguese overseas province Estado da India (State of India). Indian Coast GuardAir Station, Daman is the premier air station of the Coast Guard with all the airfield facilities, air traffic control and other allied air traffic services. (2011) 242,911. Temperatures in Diu are similar to those in Daman, though rainfall is significantly less, averaging less than 25 inches (600 mm) annually. They remained under Portuguese rule for more than four centuries, though the decline of the Portuguese empire in Asia greatly diminished their strategic significance. Of these communities the Dubla, Dhodia, and Varli are the largest groups. Pop. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Daman, town, Daman and Diu union territory, western India. Daman Ganga River divides Daman into two parts — Nani-Daman (nani meaning "small") and Moti-Daman (Moti meaning "big"). Daman is an enclave on the state of Gujarat ’s southern coast, situated 100 miles (160 km) north of Mumbai (Bombay). Author of. Known as Damão, the town was part of Portuguese India. Almost no rain falls during the dry season. This air station provides ATC and parking facilities to defence as well as civil aircraft. It is equipped with state-of-the-art airport surveillance radar (ASR), precision approach path indicator (PAPI), Doppler very high frequency omnidirectional radio range (DVOR) – distance measuring equipment (DME) and nondirectional beacon (NDB), as navigational aids. The Daman Ganga River flows through the territory, with Daman town situated where the river enters the Arabian Sea. Daman is an enclave on the state of Gujarat’s southern coast, situated 100 miles (160 km) north of Mumbai (Bombay). Diu encompasses an island off the southern coast of Gujarat’s Kathiawar Peninsula, 40 miles (64 km) southeast of Veraval, as well as a small area on the mainland. The settlement remained under Portuguese rule until it was taken over by India in December 1961, at which time it became part of the union territory of Goa, Daman, and Diu. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. In Diu, crops such as bajra (pearl millet) and wheat flourish in the arid climate; a smaller portion of land is cultivated in Diu than in Daman, however. By the mid-1550s all Gujarati ships entering and leaving the Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay) ports were required to call at Diu to pay Portuguese duties. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The greater part of Diu is covered by sand, silt, and marsh; the island portion of the district is separated from the Kathiawar Peninsula by a narrow, swampy creek. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Ghol, a dried fish product used in making isinglass (a type of mica), is exported to Europe. https://www.britannica.com/place/Daman-and-Diu, Daman and Diu - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Along with the very high humidity and heavy rain every afternoon, travel is difficult and uncomfortable. Daman, formerly (Portuguese) Damão, town, Daman and Diu union territory, western India. Despite its name, Nani-Daman is the larger of the two parts, while the old city is mainly in Moti-Daman. This holds most of the important entities like the major hospitals, supermarkets and major residential areas. Daman (/dəˈmɑːn/) is the capital city of the Indian union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. Portuguese fort on the northern coast of Diu. It is built with white marble. Known as Damão, the town was part of Portuguese India. Indian Coast Guard Air Station, Daman is the premier air station of the Coast Guard with all the airfield facilities, air traffic control and other allied air traffic services. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Rice is the main crop of the region, but wheat has been introduced. [4], According to the 2011 census Daman District, India has a population of 191,173. Updates? Rice, ragi (also called finger millet), pulses (legumes), and beans are among the main crops of Daman. Annual rainfall, received mainly between June and September, averages about 80 inches (2,000 mm). He was caught in a violent storm and had his boat blown towards the coast of Daman. Much of the industrial growth of the territory has been promoted through the efforts of the government of the neighbouring state of Goa. It was subsequently rebuilt, and in 1559 it was again taken by the Portuguese, who made it a permanent settlement. Diu encompasses an island off the southern coast of Gujarat’s Kathiawar Peninsula, 40 miles (64 km) southeast of Veraval, as well as a small area on the mainland. Updates? Mean daily maximum temperatures range from the mid-80s F (near 30 °C) in January to the low 90s F (about 34 °C) in May. [5] The district has a population density of 2,655 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,880/sq mi) . Daman lies on an alluvial coastal plain, although outcrops of basalt create low plateaus and promontories in the area. A larger fort was built in Moti Daman in the 16th century to guard against the Mughals who ruled the area until the Portuguese arrived. Daman has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw) with two distinct seasons: a long sunny dry season from October to May and a hot, very humid and extremely wet monsoon season from June to September. Jain Temple: This 18th century Jain temple is in the northern region of Nani Daman Fort and is dedicated to Mahavir Swami.

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